The Economist’s 2019 Global Liveability Index has been released.

For the second year running Vienna in Austria has been ranked the most liveable city in the world after ending Melbourne’s seven-year (record) run at the top last year. Melbourne has also held onto its second-place spot from last year.

Melbourne received a total score of 98.4 out of 100, unchanged from last year and only 0.7 points behind Vienna’s 99.1 total. Sydney scored 98.1 and jumped from fifth place last year to third in the new rankings. Copenhagen, in Denmark, was the only other European city to rank in the top 10 (at ninth).

Both Melbourne and Sydney scored full marks in healthcare, education and infrastructure. Vienna ranked higher than both in stability.

Melbourne has the highest score for culture and environment among the top five cities. But it was beaten in the top 10 in that category by sixth-placed Vancouver, which received a perfect score.

Adelaide snagged the 10th spot with an overall rating of 96.6, Perth ranked 14th and Brisbane came in at 18th to round out the five Australian cities in the top 20.

The annual survey ranks 140 cities from around the world based on how well they do in five categories: stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure.